Soldiers of the United States Colored Troops—Civil War reenactors—march through downtown Washington, DC, during an event celebrating the 150th anniversary of the Grand Review of United States forces. African American soldiers were excluded from that parade in 1865, even though roughly 180,000 served with the USCT. Countless other African Americans, men and women, aided the cause of the United States against the Confederacy, 2015 

Soldiers of the United States Colored Troops—Civil War reenactors—march through downtown Washington, DC, during an event celebrating the 150th anniversary of the Grand Review of United States forces. African American soldiers were excluded from that parade in 1865, even though roughly 180,000 served with the USCT. Countless other African Americans, men and women, aided the cause of the United States against the Confederacy, 2015 

 QuoVadis Wright, a gatherer of information and teller of true stories about her community, at her home, Williamsburg, VA, 2016

QuoVadis Wright, a gatherer of information and teller of true stories about her community, at her home, Williamsburg, VA, 2016

 Visiting pastor Leslie L. Holloway of Oak Grove Baptist Church leads Sunday worship at Mt. Pilgrim Baptist, Williamsburg, VA, 2015

Visiting pastor Leslie L. Holloway of Oak Grove Baptist Church leads Sunday worship at Mt. Pilgrim Baptist, Williamsburg, VA, 2015

 Ed Palmer, Hampton, VA, circa 2002

Ed Palmer, Hampton, VA, circa 2002

 Headstone of Mathew (also Matthew) Palmer, my great-grandfather, at Old Orchard Cemetery, an African American burial ground within the confines of Camp Peary–Armed Forces Experimental Training Activity, VA, 2012

Headstone of Mathew (also Matthew) Palmer, my great-grandfather, at Old Orchard Cemetery, an African American burial ground within the confines of Camp Peary–Armed Forces Experimental Training Activity, VA, 2012

 Graveyard of Waller family at Colonial Williamsburg. The Wallers were among the city's most prominent residents. Property in the city and in York County owned by Dr. Robert P. Waller, a Confederate sympathizer and enslaver, was seized by the United States Army during the Civil War. Men and women who escaped from slavery were allowed to rent the land from the army and farm it, which they did. In a letter to PresidentAndrew Johnson requesting restitution of property and "executive clemency," Waller denied aiding the rebellion and said that he "accepted the overthrow of the Confederacy as an accomplished fact." Johnson took the land from a group of black people who had served the country in war and returned to Waller, who had not. Williamsburg, VA, 2014  

Graveyard of Waller family at Colonial Williamsburg. The Wallers were among the city's most prominent residents. Property in the city and in York County owned by Dr. Robert P. Waller, a Confederate sympathizer and enslaver, was seized by the United States Army during the Civil War. Men and women who escaped from slavery were allowed to rent the land from the army and farm it, which they did. In a letter to PresidentAndrew Johnson requesting restitution of property and "executive clemency," Waller denied aiding the rebellion and said that he "accepted the overthrow of the Confederacy as an accomplished fact." Johnson took the land from a group of black people who had served the country in war and returned to Waller, who had not. Williamsburg, VA, 2014
 

 United States Colored Troops reenactors after Civil War Battle of New Market Heights event, Henrico, Virginia, 2014

United States Colored Troops reenactors after Civil War Battle of New Market Heights event, Henrico, Virginia, 2014

 Former home of A. M. Hobson, Confederate officer and owner of my great-grandfather, Mathew Palmer, Goochland, VA, 2012

Former home of A. M. Hobson, Confederate officer and owner of my great-grandfather, Mathew Palmer, Goochland, VA, 2012

 York River Presbyterian Church, formerly the house of worship for the small white community of Magruder — and the only church preserved when the town was uprooted and razed — Camp Peary–Armed Forces Experimental Training Activity, VA, 2012

York River Presbyterian Church, formerly the house of worship for the small white community of Magruder — and the only church preserved when the town was uprooted and razed — Camp Peary–Armed Forces Experimental Training Activity, VA, 2012

 Confederate reenactors at a "stacking of the arms" ceremony during the sesquicentennial of the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia to Union forces, Appomattox, Va., 2015

Confederate reenactors at a "stacking of the arms" ceremony during the sesquicentennial of the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia to Union forces, Appomattox, Va., 2015

 Dixieland gas station and convenience store, New Church, VA, 2013

Dixieland gas station and convenience store, New Church, VA, 2013

 George, Williamsburg, Virginia, 2012

George, Williamsburg, Virginia, 2012

 Ms. Bernice, Williamsburg, Virginia, 2014

Ms. Bernice, Williamsburg, Virginia, 2014

 Russell Hopson, Educator, Surry County, Virginia, 2014

Russell Hopson, Educator, Surry County, Virginia, 2014

 Three sisters, descendants of Mat and Julia Palmer, and members of the Mt. Pilgrim Baptist Church's Echoes choir, Williamsburg, VA, 2014

Three sisters, descendants of Mat and Julia Palmer, and members of the Mt. Pilgrim Baptist Church's Echoes choir, Williamsburg, VA, 2014

 Edna, Williamsburg, Virginia, 2013

Edna, Williamsburg, Virginia, 2013

 Former site of Uniontown, an African American community founded by escaped enslaved people during the Civil War that existed until uprooted in the second half of the 20th century by the National Park Service, Yorktown, VA, 2012

Former site of Uniontown, an African American community founded by escaped enslaved people during the Civil War that existed until uprooted in the second half of the 20th century by the National Park Service, Yorktown, VA, 2012

 Petersburg National Battlefield, VA, 2012

Petersburg National Battlefield, VA, 2012